One of the world’s earliest civilizations flourished in Egypt. Ancient Egyptian pharaohs dominated the country as far back as 5500 B.C. The ancient Greek and Roman empires used the country as a strategic outpost.
In 332 BC, Alexander the Great established the city of Alexandria. There’s no need to convince you that Egypt, Africa, is a must-see destination if you’re interested in seeing some of the world’s most impressive ancient ruins and landmarks from the world’s classic civilizations.
Want to know when it’s least crowded in Egypt? Not to worry, as it is open all through the year. For anyone planning a trip to Egypt, here is a quick rundown of the top sights to see while you’re there:
7 Best Places To Visit In Egypt
Here are the must-see attractions in Egypt to make the most of your time in this stunning country.
1. Pyramids of Giza
One of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, the three pyramids are the final resting places of countless pharaohs. The pyramids on the Giza Plateau are the only World Wonder that has survived mostly unaltered over many centuries.
The Great Pyramid, commonly known as the Pyramid of Khufu, is 138 meters high and is open to travelers via the Robber’s Tunnel. The limestone Sphinx also belongs to this compound.
The Giza Pyramids are the crowning glory of Egypt’s tourism sites and among the country’s most frequented destinations.
2. Valley of Kings
Luxor, on the eastern bank of the Nile, is a major tourist destination since it is the location of ancient Thebes. The Valley of the Kings in Luxor is home to the rock-cut tombs of ancient pharaohs and is often regarded as the largest open-air museum in the world.
Tutankhamun, Amenhotep, and other well-known pharaohs of antiquity were all laid to rest here. Over 63 graves have been uncovered, although just a handful are accessible to the public.
The KV62 tomb of Tutankhamun, which is open to the public, has its own admission price. Definitely one of Egypt’s creepiest tourist destinations. This is certainly one of Egypt’s more well-known landmarks.
3. Islamic Cairo
One of the most popular places to visit in Egypt is the Islamic Cairo neighborhood, which is home to numerous historic mosques, monuments, and madrassas from the Middle Ages.
The Sultan Hassan Mosque-Madrassa is a stunning architectural feat and a striking reminder of the city’s Islamic past.
One of the nicest spots to visit in Egypt, if you explore the area near the walled city, you’ll find workshops and artisan families that have been there for centuries, if not millennia.
4. Luxor’s Temples & Tombs
The Nile River city of Luxor in Upper Egypt is a tourist hotspot due to its proximity to several well-known landmarks, including the Valley of the Kings, Karnak Temple, and the Memorial Temple of Hatshepsut.
Thebes was the capital of the New Kingdom dynasty and boasted more attractions than the average tourist could possibly take in over their lifetime. The modern city of Luxor, with the bustling souq, the temples of Karnak and Luxor, and the museum, are all located on the east bank.
There are so many tomb and temple sights in Luxor that the city has been termed the largest open-air museum in the world, and it is located on the west bank, which is characterized by lush farmland and desolate cliffs.
5. Cruising the Nile
The Nile is emblematic of Egypt. Many tourists’ Egypt itineraries don’t feel complete without a multi-day voyage down this famous waterway that witnessed the emergence of the Pharaonic era.
Sunsets and sunrises over the Nile’s date palm-lined banks, backed by sand dunes, are among Egypt’s most peaceful sights, and a cruise is the most relaxed way to explore the temples that dot the riverbanks between Luxor and Aswan.
Both the Temple of Kom Ombo and the Temple of Horus in Edfu are must-sees for tourists on a Nile Cruise. Yet, felucca (Egypt’s traditional lateen-sailed wooden boats) cruises of the Nile offer a slower, less crowded experience, as well as the flexibility to chart your own course.
Aswan, perched on the Nile’s gentle bends, is Egypt’s quietest major city. Set against a backdrop of orange sand dunes, this is the ideal place to unwind for a few days. Ride the river ferry to Elephantine Island, where you may explore the vibrant alleys of the local Nubian communities.
Next take a camel ride to the east bank of Aswan, where you’ll find the desert monastery of Saint. Simeon. Afterward, unwind on one of the floating eateries while gazing at the feluccas sailing by with their distinctive lateen sails.
7. Abu Simbel
Abu Simbel stands out even in a country brimming with religious architecture. The exterior of Ramses II’s vast temple is guarded by massive statues, while the interior is lavishly decorated with wall murals.
Abu Simbel is well-known for its massive size, but it is also renowned for the great engineering accomplishment performed by UNESCO in the 1960s. When the entire temple was relocated from its original site to prevent it from being submerged by the rising water of the Aswan dam.
The success of the international effort to preserve the Abu Simbel temples is now a major attraction in their own right, and visitors spend as much time marveling at this achievement as they do at Ramses II’s incredible constructions.
Egypt, the land of the Pharaohs, is a popular tourist spot due to its many impressive ancient monuments. But, not everything there is to see is a historical relic or a tourist hotspot.
Cruise the world-famous Nile River, explore the huge desert in a four-wheel drive vehicle, scuba dive among colorful coral reefs and sunken ships in the Red Sea, and more. Sunbathers go to the Sinai Peninsula and the Red Sea Coast, while history buffs have a field day in Luxor.
Cairo is the ultimate metropolis for city dwellers, but the southern town of Aswan and the Siwa oasis offer a taste of rural life. There is so much to see and do in Egypt that vacationers may tailor their time there to fit any style of travel.